Classroom Resources

Ideas for Using Flash Cards

A: For recognition of hiragana/meaning

  1. Teachers can show particular cards to students and students practice reading the hiragana words or check their knowledge of the meanings.
  2. Students in groups can use the cards to play snap. The cards are spread out on the floor, and the teacher calls out a word or a meaning. If a student recognizes the word, he/she puts their hand on the card that has been called, and if they read it correctly, they take the card. The student who collects the most cards is the winner.

B: For writing exercises

  1. The cards can be used as writing models for students to copy.
  2. The cards can be used in combination with the KANJI 290 FLASH CARDS to teach the kanji for various verbs and adjectives. The relevant numbers of the kanji flash cards are given in the Set 1, 2 and 3 Lists.

C: For transforming exercises

  1. Teachers can show cards to students and ask them to transform the words into a particular form. For example, they might show verb cards in the MASU-form (eg. たべます ) and ask students to transform them into the dictionary (plain) form (eg. たべる ), they might show the dictionary (plain) form (eg. たべる ) and ask them to change the TE-form (eg. たべて). Similarly, students could transform adjectival forms.
  2. TE-form cards of strong verbs can be photocopied in different colours based on the different formations.
  3. Snap can be applied to transforming exercises as well. Students compete for a card by giving a particular form (eg. TE-form, NAI-form) which the teacher requests.

D: For sentence-making exercise

Each student is given a card and makes up a sentence using the word on the cards. Alternatively, a number of cards can be given to a group of students and they make up a sentence or a story using the words.