Classroom Resources

Explanatory notes

Set 1 & 2 [Verbs]

eg.たべます [Set 1]

  1. number *1 of verb in Set 1 and 2 Lists
  2. kanji *2 for verb
  3. meaning *3 of verb
  4. verb group *4
  5. verb conjugation:
    • NAI-form *5
    • MASU-form
    • Dictionary (plain) form
    • Potential form *6
    • Volition form *7
  6. TE-form *8
  7. example sentences *9 using verb
  8. Radical (key element of the character)
  9. Number of strokes
  10. Stroke order and practice (Only draw in on copies)
  11. Space for practice (Only write on copies)

Notes:

  1. Set 1 comprises verbs in the MASU form and Set 2 comprises verbs in the dictionary (plain form). To distinguish the two, Set 1 verbs have M in front of the number.
  2. Verbs are given in kanji if that kanji is included in the General Use Characters (Jooyoo Kanji), except when they rarely appear in kanji and are usually written in hiragana.
  3. Meanings given are based on the commonly used Japanese textbooks.
  4. Verbs are divided into 3 grouliRU-verbs, U-verbs and IR (irregular) verbs. Ru-verbs are equivalent to WEAK verbs or ICHIDAN DOOSHI and U-verbs are STRONG verbs or GODAN DOOSHI. FUKISOKU DOOSHI is the Japanese expression for irregular verbs.
  5. In addition to expressions formed by adding to the NAI-form such as たべないでください (negative request) and  たべなければなりません (obligation), the NAI-form is used by itself as an informal negative form.
  6. The potential form refers to the form which means “CAN DO” eg. さしみがたべられますか Can you eat sashimi? Note that for RU-verbs the potential form is the same as the passive form. If the potential form of a particular verb is rarely used, it is not given.
  7. The volitional form is used in such expressions as “I will ~ , “ “I think I will~ “, as well as in informal requests or suggestions eg. Let’s eat. Note that this form has other usages apart from these examples. If the volitional form of a verb is rarely used, it is not given.
  8. The TE-form of いります/いる (to need, be necessary) is not given as it is not used.
  9. Example sentences in Set 1 are junior level, such as ~ませんか (invitation),  ~ましょう (suggestion) , ~てもいいですか(asking permission) , て(ください) (request) and ないで(ください) (negative request).
    In Set 2 they are a little more complex, and include patterns such as ~することができる (can do~), ~するつもりです (intend to do ),~したことがある(have done), ~したほうがいい (had better do) and relative clauses.

Set 3 [Adjectives]

eg.おおきい

  1. A + number of adjective in Set 3 List
  2. kanji *1 for おおきい
  3. meaning *2 for おおきい
  4. adjective type *3 of おおきい
  5. forms of adjectives:
    • Affirmative form
    • Negative form
    • Past form
    • Negative past form Adverbial form
  6. TE-form
  7. example sentences *4 using おおきい

Notes:

  1. Adjectives are given in kanji if that kanji is included in the General Use Characters (Jooyoo Kanji) , except when they rarely appear in kanji and are usually written in hiragana.
  2. Meanings given are based on the commonly used Japanese textbooks.
  3. Adjectives are divided into two groups: I-adjectives and NA-adjectives.
  4. Examples of negative and past negative sentences use じゃない and じゃなかった respectively. They are colloquial forms of ではない/ではありません and ではなかった/ではありませんでした. Most of the example sentences with the adverbial form use the pattern ~くなります, which means “become~”.